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ڵλãѺҳ » ý » Ļ » Ϊʲô֪ʶӲ֣

Ϊʲô֪ʶӲ֣
ߣ˹̹ Star.news.sohu.com 20055811:36
ҳ湦 ˵(0) ղر ղر Ƽ Сӡ ر

һλǰȥ˵ѣֶֽء˹أWalter B. ScottѧڣרҵоϷѧûаѴѧѧ֮Ϊƭ֮֡καĶǫƵ˼ڴѧǸ벻ж׵飬dz˵ķdz׬ǮIJ£a soft touchȫɵĹÿֻ赽ȥļСʱʣµĴ󲿷ʱԼ֪ʶС԰õıͣټϳļڣһ깤ʱ£Ҳܿɹۣȷʵ⡢ѽ

ǣΪոսѧõˣҳΪʲôѧʦôԵءձؿղʧѣɧأȷʵģһֻڵõ񹬣ValhallaҲѧ˵ְλtenure֮󣬲ζԺԸǣҵܡڴ֮ǰζƴţȻҵͬˡΪʦϱ˲ԸϵĿγ̣Щζ飬дεȵȡҵľңĵĴѧʦһϯ֮صˣЩڴѧʱ̫ӶƲֵˡ

֪û˽йѧʦʹָ顣ָ˭ȥأóҵѧʹϵѧԺڿܽһ㡣ĻѧһζᣬҿѧʣµʱӲˡҸѧҲúܾǰּڴ⵽ڿһĻʱʹõķоеӽѧѡдѧ̬С˵ˡȻǶѧʹĸԴĽҲô׼ȷЩ˼̽ȷʵ˴ѧǰѱԿĵŪһϰԡ

ù---ѧС˵䲻Faculty Towers The Academic Novel and Its DiscontentsǸ׫дΪѧС˵ҽеоȦдģʮФؽڣElaine Showalterڿ񻶽ϳ˵ģڡ԰ڵʱ򡱡ⱾСIJͬطԼо򵱽ڵľȻرȤФؽǸŮȨߣ˹ٴѧAvalon FoundationĵĿƽڣִѧ(Modern Language Association MLA)ǰϯǡŮˣŮо仰˵ģ֤Լ޹ͳʶǿҵĶһ仰ǡغĿ׶ǣCamille Paglia[ŮȨ]ǵõϿɵģ˹ٸоˣΪprincetoninfo.comϿdzֱѧʶ̬

Фؽڵ鰴ʱ˳д˹ȥʮڽӢĹ﷢ѧС˵1951˹ŵġʦC.P. Snow's The Mastersʼһֱ21͡ô󲿷ƪҪЩС˵ͨС˵ۣʱʱŮȨƬֻѧŮԵԵĵطͻ΢ķ̺ڿࣩԲѴ֮ҵ

ı (Faculty Towers)ģԼ˹John Cleeseϲ硶ùݡFawlty Towers[ӢӾdzƵ꡷]ʾ˱⣺ФؿѧС˵зӳѧѾԽԽùݣȫ޴ͷΧ鷳ФΪ⡣˵Ҳ֣Mirabile dictuִѧںתڸơдѧѾDZӻѾijԼٱ仯ͬȻǿijDZѾô

ͳ˵ùݡŮɷֲһʱij鴤ڿѾƣȹһʱӦˣŮûг֣ҲФصŮȨӰжϵΨһطҿMary McCarthyġУ԰·The Groves of Academe ĹۣⱾѾԼ׵¶׶Randall JarrelldzЦġѧͼPictures from an Institution ڮжϵ׶С˵еն顤˹̹Gertrude JohnsonΪԭģܿФظ˵˹֮һ׶Ը˵ǸС˵ңóǸѸ֡ΪǶԵġ԰ڵӰФضԡѧͼPictures from an InstitutionжϡⱾС˵ͱ˵ѧ⣬Ҳؿ̻Ըˣcharacterlessǰ;---ʱ---սȫصĴѧУıǰ磬֣ζ˭Ϳ˭ɹİ׳רҡ׶ˣС˵еıشѧBenton CollegeУޱ˹Dwight RobbinsֻЯ˵ıԵĶˣȻҲŮģУ˹ĬRLawrence SummersӰ죬ΪIJʵɣԱ뾡취Ҫ̨ܳɹϣУޱ˹ˡ

˹ŵC.P. SnowġʦThe MastersǹУ԰ζС˵, ŴѧһѧԺԺȥ˼ճԺⱾС˵߲ûɾλѧ߻ѧҵʸѧļֵͻھ˫ӽǣǿѧĻĵģ׷ĿƼůĴͳ1951꣬ѧȻǸĽĵط棬롣50ѧ˵ϴѧǸֵԺͽѡȻȻ

ҲΪ1960ĩڣЩ״ˮﴵˡڽ˹•˹Kingsley Amisġ˵ļķLucky Jim 1954֮ФؽⱾС˵ЦѧС˵ȫȷģȷѧ翪ĵһڡ˵ļķıӢطѧľҫ䣬ˣcheap-shotμone-upmanshipѧƭ֡ⱾС˵ͬ˹ķϿɭJim DixonдһƪģĿǡ1450-1485촬ķչԾõӰ족ѧľӣϵġٵĹߡͶ䵽ٵ⡱ϡ߰˹üķһһľΡЦͱ׾ںôЦп˵ķΪ˴ѧѧƭ;ƶ񤡣

˹˹ƽӹʷѧңѧС˵Ҫһ㶼ӢϵеԭԴӴѧѧŸɭRoman JakobsonĻҵ˽ѧƸõҸ׶ɲƷVladimir Nabokovʱ˵ѧϵҪƸñѧо֮һĴΪʲôӢϵҪƸñѧоö֮һأŸɭΪ˵⻰˳ЦǶԵģоҶƸǡС˵ҵѧǰѺؽ϶õǼë

ФضϲѧС˵̹Rebecca Goldsteinġ⡷The Mind-Body ProblemֻǼһ¡˹ٴѧ̫Ѿ̫ڸױǴѧ̫Ѿ̫Ǹ̹ŮʿȤĻȤʵǺϡ̹С˵ѧС˷澫ޱȡָѧﴩģûĸڴƷλѧңѧҡDz·ϲȾƣϲĻװδ硣̹ȷָԭǾԼоڣҪΪγˣkakapitzeƣ˰ס֮鷳ġ

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ڵѧС˵˫dz˵粨ǵ19701960ڡѧƽȻеίѧ---оDZΪǣѻģˡдЩС˵ңЩǾָĽŮңЩнڿ϶ǸɱıȻŮС˵ȫȷġ

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ĻԪƴѧӴĹѧר1970꣬ұ뵽λڸάĵɭѧDenison University in Granville, Ohio档ҵʱеضˣӢϵǺ˸Ů˳˵һ£dzƣһԳŮȨߣһͬߣǽ̱ΪۣQueer TheoryĶʱʻûбһ̫ˣһRuthieĸŮһƾɺĴҡҲܸѶһʣõĻشǡRuthie60ҵʱ룬Ȼ롰60ͺһһԿ϶ǣ͵һҶ֥Yeatsûĸġ

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